|Above: The LPSC 2016 banner. Courtesy of LPSC 2016|
There're a lot of other topics too (it's definitely worth looking through the papers in Titan session, and the Pluto session), and I've had a day off ill - so a chance to rad the papers! Ahem. Here's the program, with links to the abstracts. To keep this post manageable I've focused on the Moon, Ceres, and Mars - here are a few that caught my eye:
About the Moon:
"HETEROGENEOUS WATER CONTENT IN THE LUNAR INTERIOR: INSIGHTS FROM ORBITAL DETECTION OF WATER IN PYROCLASTIC DEPOSITS AND SILICIC DOMES"
"MINI-RF/AO BISTATIC OBSERVATIONS OF THE FLOOR OF CABEUS CRATER AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PRESENCE OF WATER ICE"
The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter has been probing the Moon's permanently shadowed craters with radar, and has detected signals that suggest the presence of ice in clumps roughly 26 cm in size, or bigger. However there's a question mark over the result, and the team cautions that more investigation is needed.
"TOP HYDRATION LAYER NEAR POLES FROM LRO/CRATER: SEARCH FOR TIME-OF DAY DEPENDENCE."
More results from LRO, this time about the top layer of lunar soil near the lunar poles. It's been known for a while that this layer contains a certain amount of H2O and HO, but now it's been seen that the amount of hydration varies with the time of lunar day.
"CEMENTATION AND AQUEOUS ALTERATION OF A SANDSTONE UNIT UNDER ACIDIC CONDITIONS IN GALE CRATER, MARS"
The history of water at Gale crater lake is a complex one, but it seems to have included both episodes of 'friendly' PH neutral water, and episodes of much more acidic water.
"CADENCE AND CAUSE OF LAKE-FORMING CLIMATES ON MARS"
The 'when' of lake formation on Mars poses a few puzzlers - it certainly doesn't look like they all formed at the same time, during the same period of clement climate. This paper looks at one possible explanation: That Mars has had repeated periods where the climate was suitable to form lakes.
"THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF AQUEOUS DEPOSITS RELATED TO THE HALE IMPACT CRATER ON MARS"
A long time ago I read about the most likely way to get liquid water (in substantial amounts) under Mars' present day climate regime: Crash a big-ish asteroid into an ice rich area, and the resulting pulse of heat would melt the subsurface ice, leading to an underground hydrothermal system. And that seems to have been exactly what happened with Hale crater.
"PERCHLORATE REDUCING BACTERIA: EVALUATING THE POTENTIAL FOR GROWTH UTILIZING NUTRIENT SOURCES IDENTIFIED ON MARS"
Definitely a speculative paper, but one backed by lab tests that suggesting that microbes which can make use of perchlorate salts - an abundant chemical on Mars - could subsist off the available nutrients on the red planet.
RECURRING SLOPE LINEA (RSL)
A whole section on the discoloured sections of some slopes which, last year, were fingered as solid evidence of present day liquid on Mars.
"ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION OF CERES BY DAWN’S GAMMA RAY AND NEUTRON DETECTOR"
The Dawn spacecraft has found lots of hydrogen on Ceres, which very likely indicates lots of water ice just beneath the surface
"GEOCHEMISTRY, THERMAL EVOLUTION, AND CRYOVOLCANISM ON CERES WITH
A MUDDY ICE MANTLE"
Ceres may well have an ocean of mud deep beneath its surface.
"IMPACT INDUCED HEATING OF OCCATOR CRATER ON ASTEROID 1 CERES"
Occator crater has been the site of the biggest of the mysterious bright spots, and also of some strange 'hazes' at certain times of the Cerean day. This paper looks at the possibility that heat from the impact that caused the crater created an undergraound hydrothermal water resevoir, and how that might relate to these phenomena.
There's a hell of a lot more than that going on, the above ajust a taster. Expect some good bits of science and exploration to come to light in the next week!
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